Can you see that 360° panoramic photography can be represented in many different projections? Spherical or equirretangular, Little Planet, etc. They all represent the same environment and start from a single equirectangular photograph. If we capture enough photos to recreate a spherical representation of the desired environment, we can use a specific splice software and then have an equirectangular photo to get to work. How to make an equirectangular photo using any camera.

What's a panoramic photo?

How can you do that?

Marginal of Esposende

Panoramic photography, like the word panorama, refers to an entire view of a surrounding area. Panoramic photographs attempt to capture such a view. The origin of the word comes from two Greek words, παν (pan), which means “total”, and ὅραμα (orama), which means “view”.

There is no formal definition of the point at which the “wide-angle” ends and the “panorama” begins, but a truly panoramic image must capture a field of view comparable to (or larger than) that of the human eye, which is 160° by 75° from one point of view, and must do so by keeping the details accurate through the entire portrait.

Today, it is possible to take panoramic photos at any ratio using a regular camera, scanner or digital camera. A variety of software is available to do this, capable of combining multiple photos into a single image, achieving a view of up to 360 degrees horizontally and 180 degrees vertically, closing a complete sphere.

There are several ways to make a panoramic photo, either with the use of a specific equipment, such as parabolic mirrors, or with normal equipment such as a common camera or even with a telephone choosing the option “Panoramic”, manipulating the result to compose the panoramic. Many modern machines also bring functions for the automatic creation of panoramic images. Some models have graphics on the screen that facilitate the shooting of the next photo, so that the fit of the same is facilitated. Others make a video while you rotate the camera and then the equipment selects the frames and creates the panoramic photo from the junction of the frames. Notably some Sony models use this technique.

Photographers who take panoramas are called panoramists.

How to photograph incredible panoramic landscapes

What is Equirectangular Panorama?

Como se pode fazer!

The equirrectangular panoramic is the most complex to produce (used to generate a spherical image when generating a Flash file, Java…), transformed in spherical is an image in which the observer has the point of view of the center of the sphere, this allows the sensation and visualization of the environment as if it were really in the place, allowing a three-dimensional vision of the photographed place. Below you can see an example of the equirretangular.

Cylindrical panoramas

How to shoot a 360º panoramic image

Spherical Panoramas

How to shoot a 360° Cloth for virtual tours

Stitching panoramic photos

PTGui tutorial


Fotografias a 360º graus